Bluebells (Virginia Cowslip)

Media
Photo of bluebells, or Virginia cowslip, plants with flowers
Scientific Name
Mertensia virginica
Family
Boraginaceae (borages)
Description

Fleshy, showy, perennial plants to 2 feet tall, often in large groups. Flowers many, in loose clusters, terminal, hanging like bells, about 1 inch long. Buds pink, turning to light blue on opening. Pink forms are not rare; a white form exists. Blooms March–June. Lower leaves are long, tapering into stems, broad, ovate, to 5 inches long. Stem leaves are smaller, elliptical. All leaves are bluish-green. This is the only Missouri member of the borage family that is not hairy.

Size
Height: to 2 feet.
Where To Find
image of Bluebells Virginia Cowslip Distribution Map
Scattered statewide, except in the northwestern quarter of Missouri, where it is uncommon or absent.
Occurs in bottomland forests, moist upland forests in ravines, swamps, bases and ledges of bluffs, and banks of streams and rivers. Because it is so beautiful and easy to transplant, it has become a target for unethical collectors who sometimes remove entire populations from the wild, leaving only ugly craters under the trees. When you buy native plants from nurseries, make sure they get their stock from cultivated plants, not from the wild.
This gorgeous spring wildflower is commonly cultivated in shade gardens. If you are thinking of planting them, please don't take them from the wild. Instead, purchase them from ethical native plant nurseries.
Butterflies are attracted to bluebells, where they gather nectar and pollinate the flowers in the process. Any animals that might eat the foliage have only a brief opportunity to do so, as the aboveground parts of the plant wither and disappear soon after the fruits mature.
Title
Media Gallery
Title
Similar Species

Where to See Species

Its hard to believe you could find a place like Rockwoods Reservation in busy west St. Louis County. But its a sample of the Ozarks right in the middle of the suburbs.
Young Conservation Area is another one of three conservation areas within the outstanding LaBarque Creek watershed, which has at least 54 species of fish and a diversity almost three times greater tha
About Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants in Missouri
A very simple way of thinking about the green world is to divide the vascular plants into two groups: woody and nonwoody (or herbaceous). But this is an artificial division; many plant families include some species that are woody and some that are not. The diversity of nonwoody vascular plants is staggering! Think of all the ferns, grasses, sedges, lilies, peas, sunflowers, nightshades, milkweeds, mustards, mints, and mallows — weeds and wildflowers — and many more!